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Welcome to IJLERA! International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications

Volume 05 - Issue 08 (August 2020)


Title:
Quality in Indian Management Institutions – Accreditation or Certification is Mandatory - Conceptual Paper
Authors:
Prof. (Dr.) Koppula Rajanath
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 01 - 07, Vol 05 - No. 08, 2020
Abstract:
Post economic reforms in India i.e. Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization (LPG), the entire Nation has been pushed to operate efficiently and effectively not only within the country but globally, which demands higher caliber managerial personnel, in terms of skill and knowledge to manage the ever changing and never ending competitive environment. These days the environment around any business organization is charged with Volatility, Uncertainty, Complexity and Ambiguity and unless management graduates delivered by the management institutions are competent enough to deal with such situation, these management institutions will lose their credibility in the market. To develop positive credibility and image, these management institutions need to be accredited or certified.
Accreditation or Certification in education is the process by which an external association or agency evaluates an educational institution or programme offered by the Institution and formally recognizes the Institution as having met and satisfied certain predetermined requirements and criteria or standards of educational quality. Apart from ensuring quality Accreditation or Certification will also enhance public Confidence or Trust about that educational institution.
It is in this context, the present study “Quality in Indian Management Institutions – Accreditation or Certification is Mandatory - Conceptual Paper " was taken up.
Keywords:
Education, Management, Accreditation, Certification and Quality
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Title:
Lifting of Water by using Simple Pendulum with Solar Energy
Authors:
Prashant S Ganiger, Gautham Raj R, Abhishek Kushwaha, Altamash Khan
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 08 - 13, Vol 05 - No. 08, 2020
Abstract:
Water pump with a pendulum is a very simple solution for pumping water. It provides reduction of work; it was enough to move the pendulum by just switching on the motor to pump with large swings. Work is reduced because easier,effortless and long-lasting use of the hand pump has been enabled. Input energy for starting the process of pumping, in form of power supplied by solar panel connected to battery then to the motor of the pendulum, is much less than with typical hand pumps. Whereas typical hand pumps require significant effort and an average person can use the pump continuously only for several minutes, the pendulum pump needs the minimum of the effort, because it is only necessary to switch the motor that is connected to the pendulum and maintain the oscillation for several hours, without any fatigue. Here, under this work, pendulum operated pump is fabricated. The study explains the effect of creating the free energy in the device made of a) Oscillating pendulum lever system, b)system for initiating and maintaining the oscillation of the pendulum, c)system which uses the energy of the device by damping the oscillations of the lever. The operation of the machine is based on forced oscillation of the pendulum, since the axis of the pendulum affects one of the arms of the two armed lever by a force which varies periodically.
Keywords:
Hand Pump, Solar Panel, Motor, Battery, Frame and Pendulum.
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Title:
Power Generation by using Irrigation Canal Water
Authors:
Ashoka T K, Bhaskar A, Gowtham M, Subhash Rawal, Chalapathi G
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 14 - 18, Vol 05 - No. 08, 2020
Abstract:
This Project is all about developing an equipment to utilize the irrigation or agricultural water from the canals to produce electricity. Electricity forms the backbone & basic necessity of a poor farmer. Hydropower is the cheapest way to generate electricity today. No other energy source, renewable and non-renewable, can match it. In the developing nation like India, with the increase in population and rise in the usage of electricity is increasing at an alarming rate. The following paper gives an idea about efficient use of water wheels in an open channel flow which gives cheap, low scale power generation solution for simple electrification purpose. This is achieved by a horizontal axis waterwheel attached to a Dynamometer, converts mechanical energy into electrical energy, with the help of a belt and pulley arrangement. The full bridge rectifier allows for electricity to be transmitted in its most efficient form while still being able to power ordinary direct current into pure direct current. Regulator to regulate a current and a battery to store it.
Keywords:
Hydropower, open canal flow, dc motor, pulley, waterwheel
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Title:
Power Generation by means of Pendulum and Solar Energy
Authors:
Deepak A R, Bharath A V, Dalton Rohil C R, Mandev Rajbanshi, Nirajan Ghimire
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 19 - 22, Vol 05 - No. 08, 2020
Abstract:
The more power demand has been occurring now a day in India. The main reason of the power demand is due to the lack of improper energy utilization and conservation. The pendulum generator deals with the power generation from the mechanical energy that has been wasted in many day today real time applications. The pendulum setup has been made, that is whenever it has been kicked off the kinetic energy of ball makes the pendulum to oscillate, generates the electrical energy.We can implement the pendulum-based power generation system in real time application wherever the vibration produced. We can implement a pendulum-based power generation system in such dynamic application we can generate power from it. The pendulum power generator is most efficient & eco-friendly power generator.The pendulum power generator is the machine which converts the motion of pendulum i.e. mechanical energy into electrical energy. This is most helpful source or machine for power generation in today.
Keywords:
Pendulum, Generator, Motor and Solar Energy.
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Title:
Two Way Power Generation by Using Rain Water and Piezoelectric Materials
Authors:
Sujana N, Bharath S, Dilip Kumar K V, Vinayraj D
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 23 - 27, Vol 05 - No. 08, 2020
Abstract:
A micro hydroelectric system is an energy conversion approach to generate electricity from potential (motion) from flowing water energy to an electrical energy. It is desired to be implemented by using a micro-hydro electric generator which is attached to the continuous flow of effluent discharge. Nowadays, a variety of advanced technology has been introduced. Researches related to renewable energy nowadays have been extremely explored. This project will investigate the possibility of kinetic energy of rain drops be harvested as renewable energy and method to convert mechanical energy from raindrop to electrical energy. Each piezoelectric can be generated in average of 1 volt for each pressure at that surface. Using more piezoelectric in series connection will supply more power to the load. The output from the piezoelectric produced alternating current (AC), then using rectifier circuit for convert to direct current (DC). This project also included a power bank for the power storage generated.
Keywords:
Rainfall energy, Micro-water turbine, DC Motor and Piezoelectric transducers.
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Title:
Fabrication of Pneumatic Abrasive Jet Machine
Authors:
Krishna Murthy M, Sanjith B, Vijay H N, Abhijith S, Ramya Shetty
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 28 - 31, Vol 05 - No. 08, 2020
Abstract:
Abrasive Jet Machining (AJM) is the process of material removal from a work piece by application of a high-speed stream of abrasive particles carried in gas or air medium from a nozzle. The material removal process is mainly by abrasive erosion. The AJM will chiefly be used to cut shapes in hard and brittle materials like glass, ceramics etc. The machine will be automated to have axes travels. The different components of AJM are Compressor, Vibrator, dehumidifier, Pressure Regulator and Dust filter, Nozzle, Pressure gauge etc. The different components are selected after appropriate design calculations. In this project a model of the Abrasive Jet machine is designed using available hardware and software etc., taking into consideration of commercially available components. Care has been taken to use less fabricated components rather than directly procuring them because the lack of accuracy is fabricated components would lead to a diminished performance of the machine.
Keywords:
Abrasive Jet, Mixing Chamber, Air filter, Abrasives and Nozzle.
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Title:
Fabrication of Tri-Wheeler as Gym Equipment and For Power Generation
Authors:
Hemanth B R, Dharmendra Yadav, Darshan Kumar S L, Shah Faiz, Loyd Hendry Azavedo
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 32 - 36, Vol 05 - No. 08, 2020
Abstract:
This project work modifies a treadmill to better fit the requirements of users. Treadmill tricycle is designed for those humans who love to run outside. Treadmill equipped on tricycle frame and formulates a big innovation named 'TREADMILL TRICYCLE'. This tricycle has electronic parts and runs perfectly on human momentum. As the rider walks on the treadmill, the belt butts up against the rear wheel propelling the bike forward. Treadmill tricycle is designed for runners as the ideal treadmill device, this device combines the best exercise running and cycling to deliver a low-impact, high-performance workout outdoors. We believe it is the ideal device for healthy runners. It delivers an exercise experience that is closer to running than anything else available today.
Keywords:
The Treadmill, Walking Belt, Wheels, Rollers, Bearing, Flywheel and Sprocket.
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Title:
Removing the Bunch of Areca Nut from the Plant and Spraying of Pesticide by using Remote Operated Device
Authors:
Arunkumar S M, Sharath Kumara K E, Kevin Thomas Job, Dharshan R, A Gangadhar
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 37 - 40, Vol 05 - No. 08, 2020
Abstract:
The main aim of this project is to design and fabrication of areca nut tree climbing and spraying machine. The device consists of an L-shape base frame which supports all the components to be built upon. It is fitted with petrol engine, nylon tyres with rubber grippers at parallel each other for ease of the operations. A specially designed remote controlled spraying unit is mounted on the frame. Power from the petrol engine is supplied to the wheel climbing an areca nut tree as well as spraying unit. Tapered wheel which is attached to the gas spring gives self-locking to the machine and it will help in balancing the machine while climbing tree. To accommodate for a change in the diameter of areca nut tree as the device moves up and down, enough clearance is maintained between two parallel wheels. The device has been tested for its performance and to make it safe, reliable, efficient and also reduces the problems in climbing and spraying areca nut tree to a good extend.
Keywords:
Areca nut, Harvesting, Pesticide spraying and Tree climbing.
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Title:
Automated Jacky for Four Wheeler for Replacement of Tyres
Authors:
Channaveeraiah K M, Yalaguresh Kancher, Punith Kumar R, Nagarjuna, Sunkappa H
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 41 - 44, Vol 05 - No. 08, 2020
Abstract:
This paper is all about installing a device to the vehicle which will be helpful for the replacement of tyres and also useful to take the vehicle out when stuck in mud. With the increasing levels of technology, the efforts are being put to produce any kind of work that has been continuously decreasing. The efforts required in achieving the desired output can be effectively and economically decreased by the implementation of better designs. Power screws are used to convert rotary motion into reciprocating motion. An object lifting jack is an example of a power screw in which a small force applied in a horizontal plane is used to raise or lower a large load. In this fabricated model, an electric motor will be integrated with the object lifting jack and the electricity needed for the operation will be taken from the d.c battery and thereby the mechanical advantage will be increased.
Keywords:
Motorized screw jack, battery, lead screw and D C motor.
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Title:
Multi Operated Machining Unit with Drilling, Grinding & Cutting
Authors:
V K Ravi, Nandini S Patnaik, Manish Sharma, Surendra K C
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 45 - 48, Vol 05 - No. 08, 2020
Abstract:
The basic concept of Multi Operating Machine mainly carried out for production based industries. Industries are basically meant for Production of useful goods and services at low production cost, machinery cost and low inventory cost. Today in this world every task has been made quicker and faster due to technology advancement but this advancement also demands huge investments and expenditure, every industry desires to make high productivity rate maintaining the quality and standard of the product at low average cost. We have developed a conceptual model of a machine which would be capable of performing different operation simultaneously, and it should be economically efficient .In this machine we are actually giving drive to the main shaft to which scotch yoke mechanism is directly attached, scotch yoke mechanism is used for sawing operation. On the main shaft we have use bevel gear system for power transmission at two locations. Objectives of this model are conservation of electricity (power supply), reduction in cost associated with power usage, increase in productivity and reduced floor space.
Keywords:
Bevel gear, Cutting, Drilling, Grinding, Scotch Yoke Mechanism
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Title:
Content Marketing Features
Authors:
Margarita Išoraitė
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 49 - 53, Vol 05 - No. 08, 2020
Abstract:
The article analyzes content marketing, its concept, advantages and disadvantages of content marketing, content marketing strategy process. Content marketing is a marketing method based on the constant creation of useful content. The ultimate goal of this strategy is to attract customer attention and drive higher sales. In the content marketing process, instead of offering your products and services in vain, work together to create useful content that helps solve problems, find answers to questions from customers.
Keywords:
content marketing, advantages and disadvantages of content marketing, content marketing process, content marketing strategy
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Title:
Social Marketing Features
Authors:
Margarita Išoraitė
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 54 - 58, Vol 05 - No. 08, 2020
Abstract:
The article analyzes the peculiarities of social marketing, presents the concept of social marketing, the advantages and disadvantages of social marketing. Social marketing is described as an effective method used to create and develop activities to shape, change, or maintain the characteristics of consumer behavior. It is a reliable tool for influencing consumer behavior in a strong and effective way (in terms of cost-effectiveness). Social marketing can help you answer the most important questions: who do you work with? how to influence consumer behavior? what are the best ways to achieve your goals? how to evaluate all your activities? The goal of social marketing is always to change or maintain the behavioral characteristics of people, but it is not related to what they think, know, or understand about the problem at hand.
Keywords:
social marketing, social marketing advantages and disadvantages, social marketing features
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Title:
Methane Gas Monitoring System (CH4) in Chemical Reactors
Authors:
Samsul Arifin, Suryono Suryono, Jatmiko Endro Suseno
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 59 - 67, Vol 05 - No. 08, 2020
Abstract:
Methane gas is one of the gases produced in chemical reactors. Methane gas concentrations need to be measured in order to be safe and controlled to produce optimal chemical processes. In addition, the large concentration of methane gas can be harmful to health. At present it is difficult to obtain a methane gas concentration (CH4) data acquisition system that can store and display data for a long time. Therefore, in this research, an instrumentation system for measuring methane gas concentration that works digitally and computerize is created. This system consists of sensors, computer interface systems and computers as data storage and display. The sensor used for methane gas measurement uses the semiconductor type SnO2 which converts the gas concentration into voltage. The sensor signal is sent to the computer via a computer interface consisting of an Analog to Digital Converter (ADC) and a serial data communication system. ADC and serial data communication systems are built using the Arduino Due microcontroller which is programmed using the C programming language. Computer programs are made to obtain concentration, store data and display it on the monitor. The results of this study indicate that the methane gas concentration can be acquired via a computer, can be stored in data records and can display the conditions of the methane gas concentration during a chemical reaction.
Keywords:
methane gas, chemical reactor, sensor, data acquisition, gas concentration
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Title:
Effect of Steel Reinforcement Ratios on the Flexural Behavior of Reinforced Lightweight Concrete Beams Made with Treated Attapulgite
Authors:
Zahraa A. Mirza, Nibras N. Khalid
Source:
International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications, pp 68 - 75, Vol 05 - No. 08, 2020
Abstract:
Using of lightweight concrete as a construction material is increasing due to its desirable properties of reduction of dead loads and cost. Flexural behavior tests were conducted on simply supported singly rectangular reinforcedconcrete (RC) beams of lightweight coarse aggregate concrete subjected to four points bending test up to failure. Lightweight coarse aggregate was produced from natural material locally available (Attapulgite) by burning it at 1100ºC for 30 minutes and treating it with sodium hypochlorite of 6% concentration for 24 hour. The effect of tensile reinforcement ratios (0.8, 1.17 and 1.76%) was investigated. The flexural performance of the beams is discussed in terms of cracking and ultimate load capacity, load-deflection relationships, failure mode, crack pattern and ductility, as well as the mechanical properties of the concrete were studied. The test results show that using of Attapulgite as coarse aggregate and treating it by sodium hypochlorite solution of 6% concentration greatly contributed to enhance the mechanical properties of concrete. Also, as the tensile reinforcement ratio increases, the ultimate load of the tested beams increases. Cracking load to the ultimate load proportion was less than 20% for all beams. Beam of 1.76% steel reinforcement ratio had largest experimental ultimate load capacity in this study. All beams exhibited a typical flexural failure mode. All Attapulgite beams produced sufficient predicted ductility (more than 3).
Keywords:
Attapulgite, flexural behavior, steel reinforcement ratios,treated lightweight aggregate.
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